Omar Sadr is a Senior Research Scholar at the Center for Governance and Markets in the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Pittsburgh. He previously worked as an Assistant Professor of Political Science at the American University of Afghanistan in 2021 and as a Researcher at the Afghanistan Institute for Strategic Studies and the National Centre for Policy Research at Kabul University in 2018 and 2011, respectively. His primary research interests include pluralism, democratic governance, and the Middle East. He has been an advocate of political reform, constitutionalism, and pluralism in Afghanistan. Sadr holds a PhD (2018) and an MA (2013) from South Asian University, a university established by the SAARC nations. He is the author of numerous books, chapters, papers, and articles. His most recent book, Negotiating Cultural Diversity in Afghanistan, published by Routledge, examines the pathological homogenizing state and challenges of peaceful coexistence in a pluralistic society and won a 2022 book prize for Best Book in the Social Sciences from the Central Eurasian Studies Society. His work has appeared in such venues as Fair Observer, the Atlantic Council, and The National Interest. He also regularly appears on BBC Persian, Afghanistan International, and ToloNews. He founded the podcast “Negotiating Ideas,” where he discusses political ideas on peace, democracy, and pluralism.